Computer Crimes and Federal Offenses

If you are under investigation for a computer crime, or if you have already been arrested for such an offense, you are probably under a great deal of stress. Computer crimes involve a wide range of activities that are otherwise illegal. When people use a computer or the internet to further commit such crimes, then they are categorized as computer or internet crimes.

These days, nearly every aspect of our society is digitalized. People can download movies, apply for a credit card, transfer balances between accounts, and pay their bills all with the touch of a button. The expanding functions of the internet have opened a whole new world to criminal outlets and activities. Criminals are finding new ways to break the law at a pace that law enforcement is struggling to keep up with. Because computers have such a large impact on society as a whole, federal prosecutors waste no time or expense in securing criminal convictions against the individuals who commit such crimes. In fact, the federal government has entire task forces devoted to tracking down and arresting people who commit these types of crimes.

What categorizes a computer or internet crime? One common aspect of computer crimes involves financial fraud and money laundering schemes. Other financial crimes committed via the internet include credit and debit card fraud, hacking and identity theft.

Computer crimes also involve harassment, spamming, phishing, and sex crimes against children. People who possess child pornography on their home or work computer, and people who distribute child pornography via the internet are in violation of the law. Unfortunately, internet crimes involving children can oftentimes be a case of mistaken identity. Perhaps you were not aware that the images were of minors, or perhaps someone else used your computer. Revealing the truth of what actually happened will be dependent upon the highly investigative tactics of an experienced defense attorney.

Because these crimes typically cross state lines, they are often classified as federal offenses. If you are under investigation for a federal crime, you could have a large government entity assisting your local law enforcement agency. This means that the prosecution will have unlimited manpower and means to pursue a conviction. If you want to effectively protect your legal rights, you are going to need the assistance of a seasoned federal criminal defense attorney on your side. Your lawyer will have a wealth of proven defense tools at their disposal. The last thing you would want to do is hire an inexperienced or apprehensive lawyer when you are fighting to preserve your reputation and your freedom. If you are under investigation for a computer crime, don’t hesitate to contact a federal criminal defense attorney immediately.

In Trouble With The Law – Hire A Criminal Law Attorney

Anyone living in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of New Jersey, and being accused of a crime should immediately contact an Essex County attorney specializing in criminal law. No matter how minor the charges, innocent or not, a criminal lawyer can be tremendously helpful.

If you have been charged with a crime, the role of your criminal attorney is to represent you. He should be able to prove that you are innocent, or develop effective defense strategies if you confessed to the crime or were proven guilty. An expert Essex County attorney will also be able to negotiate with the prosecution to lessen the charges, and reduce the sentence.

It is imperative to hire the right law firm in order to receive a strong defense. You will have to research the listings to locate an experienced licensed criminal lawyer who:

– Has a proven track record handling criminal cases;
– Has been working in criminal law for a long time;
– Is familiar with New Jersey criminal law;
– Knows the authorities, judges, district attorney, and everyone else in Essex County involved in criminal law;
– Accepts all criminal cases, from arson, DUI, to theft and murder.

An expert Essex County attorney in criminal law will be honest with you from the start. He will not sugar-coat your situation, which only leads to disappointment if you would be convicted after all. With an experienced, objective perspective on the situation, your criminal lawyer should be able to realize from the start what actions he should take to prove your innocence, or to defend you in the best possible way.

Theft Case – How to Get a Lawyer to Help You?

Theft is nothing but taking possession of others property without asking for it. Theft is one offense which is never taken lightly by any country’s law. The consequence of theft has always been harsh punishment by law. Same is the case when it comes to theft in Flagstaff, North Arizona. But neither do any of the Flagstaff lawyers take the offense of theft lightly. Flagstaff attorneys make sure that proper counsel is given to the accused so that the punishment fits the crime.

Sometimes it is thought by the offender that when the accused is caught red handed while committing theft, there is no escape to it and hence there is no need of any defense. The accused will most probably accept the crime thinking that he will get away with a minor punishment which is a thing which will have bad circumstances.

A theft and its penalties vary. No two kinds of thefts have the same type of punishment and this is a well know fact to the Flagstaff attorneys. For a minor theft charge one should not fall victim to the brutal law when Flagstaff lawyers take up the work. If you have been charged with an offense of theft then probably it can be of a few dollars, but chances are that there are multiple charges are levied upon you only to put you into more trouble. Practically thinking, this can ruin your life. So, it is better not to take any risk in the process.

The best and the only alternative to get minimal punishment which fits the crime is to consult Flagstaff lawyers as early as possible before it gets too late. Like if you have logged on to your friend’s computer without asking his permission, you probably do not want to be caught for identity stealing. In the eye of the law, a theft is a theft, and the law does not know anything about your friend or the theft is minor or major. A Flagstaff lawyer’s expertise lies in knowing the events surrounding the theft and the value of the theft so that the punishment is minimal and it suits the offense.

What the Prosecutors often forget, the Flagstaff lawyers uncover and hence the Flagstaff attorneys always help their clients by satisfying them when they need them. All the facts, figures and truth is presented before the court on behalf of the client and the primary goal of the Flagstaff attorney is to satisfy their clients.

Identity Theft – The Choice is Yours, Restoration Vs Resolution or Reimbursement

Identity theft has become a national problem of enormous proportions. According to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), nearly 10 million people fall victims to identity theft annually, costing customers $5 billion in out-of pocket losses and businesses $48 Billion .

This rise in identity theft is presenting employers with major headaches because they are now liable for identity theft/breaches that occur in their workplace. As of January 2005 to March 2008, there has been reported to the FTC over 223 million data records of U.S. residents have been exposed due to security breaches. This information, can be viewed at PrivacyRights.org. So, all businesses, corporations, schools, financial institutions and hospitals should be concerned about Identity Theft, Identity Theft Red Flags Rule, FACTA, HIPAA, and GLB Safeguard Rules in how they will impact their organizations. If not, the organization may NOT be in compliance with the new Federal and State Laws and modified regulations.

The liability, both civil and criminal for businesses for non-compliance can result in fines up to $1,000,000 per occurrence, 10 years imprisonment for executives, removal of management and employees, and class action lawsuits with NO statutory limitation to name just a few.

There are Five Common Types of Identity Theft: Drivers License identity theft, Social Security identity theft, Medical identity theft, Character/Criminal identity theft, and Financial/Credit identity theft. But, most employers and individuals think it is just about Credit Cards fraud or theft. Criminals are stealing Non-Public Information (NPI) in all 5 areas! Just imagine your medical information file has been stolen, leading to medical bills from hospitals you NEVER visited and receive treatment. Or your social security number was stolen, resulting in the IRS department seeking payment of taxes due from businesses you NEVER owned. Or your driver license number has been stolen, resulting in the Police Department arresting you for tickets that you NEVER knew about. Or new credit accounts (mortgages, credit cards, and loans) were opened in your name, but you NEVER applied for them and now you are liable for all debts after 60 days by federal law! These are just a few of real live identity theft cases occurring throughout America. All due to identity theft and breaches! What do you think September 11, the attack on our Twin Towers in New York…identity theft.

Today, business needs to rapidly education themselves (and consumers alike) on this national problem and be open-minded to possible solutions that can implement into their organizations to become more compliant. Based on CIO Magazine, “The Coming Pandemic”, Michael Freidenberg, May 15th, 2006 reports, “When it comes to cleaning up this mess, companies on average spend 1,600 work hours per incident at a cost of $40,000 to $92,000 per victim.”

So, it is highly recommended by Atty. Kirk J. Nahra, partner with Wiley Rein & Fielding L.L.P. in Washington, D.C., leading expert in privacy and information security litigation and counseling for companies facing compliance obligations in this country, states in his “White Paper” report, that companies needs to implement a security system that is continually monitored, as well as, have a service that will handle RESTORATION and MITIGATION for it’s employees and customers. Having a service that provides FULL restoration and mitigation would help reduce liabilities and class action lawsuits against their organization.

Mike McCoy, Director of the Identity Theft Institute, international expert and co-author of “Who is You? The Coming Epidemic of Identity Theft” and the author of “The Silent Crime, What You Need to Know About Identity Theft”, states “identity theft is on the rise and the worst has not come yet.” So the best two recommendations, an institution can do to limit identity theft exposure and losses are to train employees on identity theft and to offer the best Identity Theft Protection & Restoration service to employees and/or customers. The service that he endorses, as the best voluntary benefit service for employees and/or your customers, can be viewed at CombatProtection.com.

The time is now, for all institutions in America to put a “sense of urgency” into instituting a “Culture of Security”, as stated by The Federal Trade Commission, within their establishments to help reduce and prevent identity theft in the workplace. While identity theft & breaches will never be stopped, but it can be reduced, as well as liability exposures! By implementing the proper security systems, employee training, documentation, and continual monitoring of the effectiveness of your Identity Theft Prevention Program, is a pro-active position in addressing this major crisis. Small to Mid size institutions should be especially concern, due to the enormous cost from liabilities and class-action law suits, and the impact on their business. Reducing liabilities, will be one of the keys to success for businesses today and in the future.

It is advised, for members of a Board of Directors, Presidents, and Senior Level Executives/Managers of their institutions, to consult with an attorney concerning these laws, compliance standards for their industry, and how they apply to their institution.

Offenses Requiring Sex Offender Registration

Florida took the first step in 1997 to make a list of sex offenders available on the internet as well as making that information also available by telephone hotline for people who do not have the internet. It is a requirement in Florida for those convicted of a sex crime to register and report between two and four times per year, to the Sheriff’s Office. Florida’s requirements include more than just an address to register as sex offenders are required to also report any instant message names and numbers, and email addresses to the Sheriff’s Office. A sex offender’s birth month is what is used to determine which months he/she will be required to report in. If they fail to report, submit to all restrictions or provide all information requested will have penalties that classify as felonies. Sex based crimes in Florida are divided into two categories, Sexual Offender and Sexual Predator.

Sexual Predators

Florida law states that all sex offenders are not always considered to be sexual predators, and that for this to happen, the offender must appear in court before a judge who considers the evidence and makes the designation. Even someone who was convicted of sex based crimes, this does not automatically mean they are a sexual predator. There are five different ways in Florida for someone to be classified a sexual predator. These include first time convictions of: lewd and lascivious behavior in front of someone under the age of 16, kidnapping, buying or selling child pornography, false imprisonment, or sexual battery. You should be aware that this applies even if the conviction occurred in another jurisdiction or state besides Florida.

Another way you can be designated a sexual predator is if you commit one of the above mentioned offenses and especially if you were found guilty of having committed other sexual offenses in the past. Past sexual offenses that can get you a designation of sexual predator include: sexual battery, kidnapping, unlawful sexual activity with a minor, false imprisonment, having a child perform sexually, luring or enticing a child or getting someone under 18 for prostitution. Lastly, anyone can be designated a sexual predator if they are determined to be a sexually violent predator at a civil commitment hearing.

Sexual Offenders

he courts in Florida provide three ways to designate someone a sexual offender. The first way includes if you attempt to commit or commit: luring or enticing a child, kidnapping a minor, sexual battery, false imprisonment of a minor, getting someone under 18 for prostitution unlawful sexual acts with a minor, sexual misconduct, selling or buying minors for sex trafficking, or computer pornography. The second way says if you have a conviction that occurred in another state or jurisdiction, you can be considered a sex offender in Florida. If a person has been designated a sexual offender in a different jurisdiction or state, Florida laws will also designate that person as such and they will be required to register their status. The third way says that under Florida laws, if someone attempts to commit or commits lewd and lascivious molestation, sexual battery or lewd or lascivious battery on someone 14 or older, they can be designated a sexual offender in Florida.